The site hosts an abundance of plants and animals typical of unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. Black Hand sandstone cliffs are forested primarily with tulip trees and oak. Rhododendron, mountain laurel, ferns and orchids are among the preserve's showiest plant species.
Wahkeena serves as an outdoor education area for nature study groups, school groups, garden clubs and visiting natural resource professionals. Wahkeena is owned by the Ohio History Connection and managed by Fairfield County Parks.