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Laws and Regulations for Mine Safety

Mine Safety Law Applicable to Coal Mining and Underground Industrial Minerals Mining

Mine Safety laws for coal mining and underground industrial minerals mining.

Mine Safety laws for coal mining and underground industrial minerals mining are in Ohio Revised Code Chapters 1561 to 1567.

Mine Safety Law and Rules Applicable to Surface Industrial Minerals Mining

Mine Safety laws for industrial minerals (IM) surface mining.

Since the passage of HB 443 in 2007, the mine safety requirements for IM surface mining operations now generally fall under ORC sections 1514.40 to 1514.47 rather than ORC Chapters 1561. to 1567. One exception is section 1563.11, included below, which does apply to IM surface mining operations.

Rules Specific to Mine Safety for IM Surface Mining Operations: 

The Mine Safety rules for IM surface mining operations are in Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 1501:14-2. They are listed below, along with the general Definitions rule from Chapter 1501:14-1. 

  • 1501:14-1-01 Definitions  
  • 1501:14-2-01 Incorporation by reference of mine safety standards  
  • 1501:14-2-02 Safety standards governing surface mining operations  
  • 1501:14-2-03 Criteria, standards and procedures governing annual safety performance evaluations of surface mining operations that are inspected by MSHA  
  • 1501:14-2-04 Requirements governing the reporting and investigation of accidents for surface mining operations that are inspected by MSHA  
  • 1501:14-2-05 Mine safety inspections of surface mining operations that are inspected by MSHA  
  • 1501:14-2-06 Mine safety training  
  • 1501:14-2-07 Certified mine foreperson  
  • 1501:14-2-08 Training in lieu of employing certified mine foreperson  
  • 1501:14-2-09 Requirements governing the reporting and investigation of accidents and injuries for surface mining operations that are not inspected by MSHA  
  • 1501:14-2-10 Mine safety inspections of surface mining operations that are not inspected by MSHA  

Recent State Legislation Affecting Mine Safety for IM Surface Mining

House Bill 49, the biennium budget bill of the 132nd General Assembly, amended Ohio Revised Code section 1514.41(B), effective 9-29-2017, regarding mine safety for IM surface mining operations. This provision requires the Chief of DMRM to conduct a minimum of 2 inspections for any IM surface mine that is identified as having 3 or more violations per day during an inspection by the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA).

Mine Safety Rules

Mine Safety rules that apply to all coal mining and to underground industrial minerals mining are in Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 1501:10-1. They are listed below.

  • 1501:10-1-01 Definitions  
  • 1501:10-1-02 Fire detection devices  
  • 1501:10-1-03 Tag lines and tie-off lines  
  • 1501:10-1-04 Mine medical responder  
  • 1501:10-1-05 Additional requirements for the certification of mine forepersons or forepersons of gaseous mines and mine forepersons or forepersons of nongaseous mines  
  • 1501:10-1-06 Accident reporting; investigation by chief; annual report  
  • 1501:10-1-07 Incorporation by reference  

Rules for Diesel-Powered Equipment in Underground Coal Mines

Ohio Revised Code sections 1513.02(A)(8) and 1567.35 allow for the use of diesel equipment in an underground coal mine under rules adopted by the Chief. These rules make up Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 1501:10-2. They are listed below.

  • 1501:10-2-01 Applicability  
  • 1501:10-2-02 Definitions for Chapter 1501:10-2 of the Administrative Code  
  • 1501:10-2-03 General requirements for underground use of diesel-powered equipment  
  • 1501:10-2-04 Diesel-powered equipment package  
  • 1501:10-2-05 Exhaust emissions control and conditioning systems  
  • 1501:10-2-06 Ventilation  
  • 1501:10-2-07 Exhaust emissions monitoring and control  
  • 1501:10-2-08 Underground diesel fuel storage facilities  
  • 1501:10-2-09 Transfer of diesel fuel  
  • 1501:10-2-10 Containers for transport of diesel fuel  
  • 1501:10-2-11 Fire suppression for equipment and transportation  
  • 1501:10-2-12 Fire suppression for underground diesel fuel storage facilities  
  • 1501:10-2-13 Prohibition on the use of certain starting aids  
  • 1501:10-2-14 Fueling  
  • 1501:10-2-15 Fire and safety training  
  • 1501:10-2-16 Maintenance  
  • 1501:10-2-17 Records  
  • 1501:10-2-18 Duties of equipment operator  
  • 1501:10-2-19 Schedule of maintenance  
  • 1501:10-2-20 Establishing baseline exhaust emissions values for monitoring and control  
  • 1501:10-2-21 Equipment maintenance diagnostic testing  
  • 1501:10-2-22 General requirements for training diesel-powered equipment operators  
  • 1501:10-2-23 Equipment-specific training for diesel-powered equipment operators  
  • 1501:10-2-24 Diesel mechanic training  
  • 1501:10-2-25 Additional requirements for operation of diesel-powered equipment  
  • 1501:10-2-26 Underground mine inspector diesel inspection training  
  • 1501:10-2-27 Diesel technical advisory committee  

Amended Mine Safety Rules, effective 4/18/2019 and 5/30/2019

Three Mine Safety rules that apply to coal and underground industrial minerals mining were recently amended, effective 4/18/2019. To see the changes that were made, click on the rule below.

1501:10-1-04 Mine medical responder.

1501:10-1-06 Accident reporting; investigation by chief; annual report.

1501:10-1-07 Incorporation by reference.

Three Mine Safety rules that apply to industrial minerals surface mining were recently amended, effective 4/18/2019 or 5/30/2019.

1501:14-2-01 Incorporation by reference of mine safety standards.

1501:14-2-03 Criteria, standards and procedures governing annual safety performance evaluations of surface mining operations that are inspected by MSHA.

1501:14-2-05 Mine safety inspections of surface mining operations that are inspected by MSHA.

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

Refer to the following under Related Laws & Forms to the right of this page.

  • MSHA Standards for Surface Metal and Non-metal Mines – See 30 CFR Part 56
  • MSHA Standards for Underground Coal Mines – See 30 CFR Part 75
  • MSHA Standards for Surface Coal Mines – See 30 CFR Part 77
  • Testing by Applicant or Third Party – See 30 CFR Part 7
  • Representative of Miners – See 30 CFR Part 40
  • Training and Retraining of Miners – See 30 CFR Part 48
  • Notification, Investigation, Reports and Records of Accidents, Injuries, Illnesses, Employment, and Coal Production in Mines – See 30 CFR Part 50